Two Cities


Paying tribute to South and North Amerindian natives, the twin cities of Koemitan-Nahootsoii (from Tupi coemitã, red dawn; and from Navajo nahootsoii, twilight) are aligned with the first topic of the Transhumanist Declaration, which proposes to broaden the evolution of human potential by overcoming our confinement to planet Earth [1] in order to reduce the risk of the summum malum, i.e., the supreme evil. Centuries ago, Thomas Hobbes defined the summum malum as being the individual violent death, which is comprehensible since in his day and time the idea of human extinction was inconceivable. Currently, philosophers equate the supreme evil with the extinction of our species [2]. Not only can humankind become extinct due to our misuse of technology, but, also, we find ourselves in clear danger from planetary or extraplanetary disasters. In the light of knowledge afforded by science throughout the last hundred years, taking into full account the history of mass extinction events and planetary-wide catastrophes, supporting a project of human cosmic expanse surpasses mere vanity. It is not a question of if, but when we will have to build cities in extraterrestrial contexts. Not doing so is not an option if we intend to survive – and, incidentally, to carry with us all memory of life on Earth. 

After all, the saying warns not to put all eggs in one basket. Earth is not our final destination: it is our departure point. The twin City State Koemitan-Nahootsoii waits for humans of good will who intend to build a better life under red dawns. 


By the time Koemitan-Nahootsoii were planted on Mars, exploration and limited settling of specific areas had been going for decades and initial settlements explored caves, lava tubes and other sheltering places with easy access to water. The overall conditions of living, working, and prospecting on Mars became common knowledge and standard technological procedures are in place. A small network of water prospecting sites and nuclear power sources is scattered over the planet. Since colonial times, Mars has been permanently inhabited by people who consider the place their home; children have been born, and the roll of generations has begun. Very high-resolution mapping of the entire planet is available; air transportation by vehicles with heavy-cargo ferrying capabilities is routine, complemented by  suborbital vehicles. Full terraforming has not yet started, remaining a hot topic of discussion in scientific and political circles concerning its ethical and engineering aspects.


What is the strategy to develop two cities on Mars?


What is the design to the cities to keep economics, technological and environmental activities on Mars?


How does the Martian people keep their lives?